Rachmati Rachmat 1923
The strain was isolated in Sumatra, Indonesia, in 1923 by Baermann from the blood of a patient (Rachmat) suffering from "leptospirosis febrilis". Baermann (1923) differentiated it from other available strains. Subsequently Schüffner (1939) found that the strain behaved serologically as the 'incomplete biotype' of Akiyami A, and in his publication he named the strain Rachmat. Gispen et al. (1939) confirmed these findings.
In the list of 1959 (WHO, 1959) it is quoted as a 'subserotype' named autumnalis (A). As the taxon 'subserotype' was abolished in 1966, it appears in the list of 1967 (WHO, 1967) as a separate serovar named rachmati, with reference strain Rachmat.
* Baermann G.: Klinische and experimentelle Untersuchungen über Spirochaeten in Deli (Sumatras Ostküste). Geneesk. tijdschr. Ned.- Ind. 63, 1923, 885-924.
* Schüffner W.: Voortgezette pogingen tot ordening der Leptospirae. Geneesk. tijdschr. Ned.- Ind. 79, 39, 1939, 2470-2478.
* Gispen R.: Enige nieuwe typen van leptospirae in Indie. Geneesk. tijdschr. Ned.- Ind. 79, 1939, 698-702.
* WHO: Joint WHO/FAO Expert Committee on Zoonoses. Wld. Hlth. Org. Techn. Rep. Ser. No. 169, Geneva 1959, p. 83.
* WHO: Current Problems in Leptospirosis Research. Wld. Hlth. Org. Tech. Rep. Ser. No. 380, Geneva 1967, p.32.
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