Butembo Butembo 1946
The strain was isolated from a human case during a study of leptospirosis in Zaire (formerly Belgium Congo) by van Riel (1946). It was found to be serologically distinct from other serovars available at that time. However, in the subsequent leptospiral classification scheme of Wolff and Broom (1954), it was not listed as a distinct serovar. Later the strain was studied by Alexander et al. (1959), who described it as a new serovar named butembo and suggested it could be conveniently listed with L. cynopteri within the same serogroup. Wolff and Bohlander (1961) revised the status of the strain suggesting that it should be recognised as a distinct serovar unrelated to any of the other serovars known. Nevertheless, in the list of 1967 (WHO, 1967) the strain is placed within the Cynopteri group.
In Dikken and Kmety's paper (1978) the serovar Butembo has been withdrawn from the Cynopteri serogroup and listed within the serogroup Autumnalis, to which it was found to be more closely related. At the TSC meeting in 1986 this arrangement was approved.
* Riel J. van: Le foyer centro-africain de leptospirose. Ann. Soc. Beige Med. Trop. 26, 1946, 197-244.
* Wolff J.W., Broom J.C. The Genus Leptospira Noguchi 1917, Problems of Classification and Suggested System Based on Antigenic Analysis. Doc. Med. Geogr. Trop. 6, 1954, 78-95.
* Alexander A.D., Evans L.B., Keen B.C. Jr.: Leptospira butembo; a distinct leptospiral serotype. J. Bact. 77, 1959, 668-669.
* Wolff J.W., Bohlander H.J. The serological classification of Leptospira butembo. Trop. Geogr. Med. 13, 1961, 174-175.
* WHO: Current Problems in Leptospirosis Research. Wld. Hlth. Org. Tech. Rep. Ser. No. 380, Geneva 1967, p.32.
* Dikken H., Kmety E. Serological Typing Methods of Leptospires. Methods in Microbiol., vol. 11, 1978, 260-295.
* TSC meeting, 1986, Manchester: Minutes. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol. 37, 1987, 472-473.
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