Australis Ballico 1937
The strain was isolated by Cotter and Sawers from a patient in North Queensland during an outbreak of leptospirosis in 1934 (Cotter & Sawers, 1934). Lumley (1937) described the strain as representing a new serogroup named "Australis A". The new serovar first appeared in the list of Wolff and Broom (1954). The strain was submitted to factor analysis by Kmety (1960), who confirmed its separate serological status. In Dikken and Kmety's publication (1978) the whole Australis group is subdivided into two subgroups: Australis and Jalna. Ballico is the representative strain of the subgroup Australis.
* Cotter T.J., Sawers W.C. Laboratory and epidemiological Investigation of an outbreak of Weil's disease in North Queensland. Med. J. Austr. 21, 2, 1934, 597-605.
* Lumley G.F. Leptospirosis in Queensland: A serological investigation leading to the discovery of distinct serological groups of Leptospirae causing leptospirosis as it occurs in Northern Queensland, with some other related observations. Med. J. Austr. 24, 2, 1937, 654-664.
* Wolff J.W., Broom J.C. The Genus Leptospira Noguchi 1917, Problems of Classification and Suggested System Based on Antigenic Analysis. Doc. Med. Geogr. Trop. 6, 1954, 78-95.
* Kmety E. Contribution to the antigenic structure of Leptospira serotypes forming the Australis serogroup. J. Hyg. Epidem. Microbiol. Immun. (Prague) 4, 2, 1960, 171-174.
* Dikken H., Kmety E.: Serological Typing Methods of Leptospires. Methods in Microbiol. vol. 11, 1978, 260-295.
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